Song of the Whale - Queen’s Ransom’s Transatlantic crossing in support of whales
Queen’s Ransom III is a Najad 520 from Gosport, UK, crossing the Atlantic in 2009
arrival: port: departure:
 Santa Cruz, Tenerife, Islas Canarias, Espagna 29/11/2009
05/12/2009 Mindelo, São Vicente, Arquipélago de Cabo Verde 06/12/2009
20/12/2009 Bridgetown, Barbados 21/12/2009
22/12/2009 St. George's, Grenada 
crew: Ulric Almqvist (S), Peter Hjelt (GB), Hans Piest (NL) 
these webpages are modified versions of the corresponding pages of Queen's Ransom III's original BLOG
found at:
If the electronics fail...
Hans E5
12/09/2009, 1200 nautical miles NNE Brazil

Sunset somewhere on the Atlantic Ocean (Hans)

Clapping boom and flapping genoa indicate that the wind has veered and decreased. the only sign of human life outside our vessel is an AIS indication of the vessel TANCRED underway to Cotonou Benin. Her closest approach to QRIII: 16.4 NM; outside visual range.

Where are we? Somewhere on the Atlantic Ocean. Our board computer tells us that we have still 10 - 11 days sailing ahead of us, provided that we can maintain our speed. On the other hand: we are almost at a point of equidistance between Africa and South America. We will reach that point today or tomorrow. Brazil stretches out to the East: from longitude 34° 50' W we will be sailing north of Brazil, the Guyana's, and Venezuela. Also this moment is only one or two days ahead of us.

I woke up early on a waterbed of 4.5 km thick. My shift runs from 02 - 06h, likely with an extension because with this low wind we may set the gennaker at dawn. That will speed us up by 1 - 2 knots like it did yesterday. That was a quiet day: the swell had passed and a stable (over the day) breeze of 16 - 18 kt from the NE pushed us towards Barbados. With the gennaker set we managed to maintain a speed of 7 - 8 kt, well above the 6.1 kt that Ulric initially computed and that would bring us in 18 days from Tenerife to the Caribbean. That is: without the unscheduled stop at Cape Verde Archipelago.

What do you do in such a day? Watching the clouds, the waves, flying fish, some seabirds (in the middle of the ocean!). Make some food, work a bit on the computer, drink coffee, drink more coffee. Life on this boat hasn't bored me a second yet!

So now and then I take my sextant to practice in celestial navigation. On our leg, predominantly from east to west, it is even possible to do navigation without tables of star/sun/moon position: just a few data are enough to have once a day a rough estimate of our position: measure the highest point of the sun above the horizon at noon, and realize that it is almost winter and the sun is as good as above the tropic of capricorn. Then our latitude at noon of measurement is about: 90 - 23.6 - angle sun-horizon. The -23.6 is the latitude of the tropic of capricorn. The longitude is also not so difficult, although not so accurate: at Santa Cruz de Tenerife it was noon (highest position of the sun) at 13h. Santa Cruz is at 16° W. Measurement of the time of highest position of the sun yields our rough longitude as: (T - 13)*15 + 16, with 13 the Tenerife noon time and 16 the Tenerife longitude. T is the measured ship's time of the Sun's highest point and the factor 15 is the conversion of 24 hours to 360 degrees.

All you need is some logical thinking, a good sextant, a watch, and sunny weather around noon.
I use tables and some software on board. I can do the job more accurate as described above. Still, even if our electronics fail we won't get lost at sea. We will arrive at Barbados without wandering around too much.